A. Posture
1. Poor: lack of seven postural elements
2. Below average: stands/sits upright with little vitality
3. Average: awareness demonstrated for correct posture
4. Above Average: most postrural elements correct
5. Superior: all postural elements correct

B. Breathing Motion
1. Poor: all seven postural elements correct
2. Below average: correct inhalation but incorrect exhalation
3. Average: correct motion under conscious control
4. Above Average: correct motion with fast, reflexive control
5. Superior: correct motion used habitually in singing

C. Breath Control
1. Poor: 10" -tone sustained
2. Below average: 15" -tone sustained
3. Average: 20" -tone sustained
4. Above Average: 30" -tone sustained
5. Superior: 40" -tone sustained

D. Breath Support
1. Poor: no use of abdominal musculature
2. Below average: some use of abdominal musculature
3. Average: shows tendency to use abdominal musculature consciously
4. Above Average: use of abdominal musculature becoming a habit
5. Superior: habitual use of abdominal musculature


A. Laryngeal Position
1. Poor: moves to a high position in all registers
2. Below average: varies in position as to vocal demands
3. Average: remains down in lower resister but rises in upper
4. Above Average: remains relatively down throughout registers
5. Superior: remains down consistently throughout registers

B. Vibrato
1. Poor: absent-straight tone
2. Below average: some-very uneven
3. Average: present but uneven
4. Above Average: present consistently with slight variation
5. Superior: present consistently with no variation

C. Clarity
1. Poor: lack of clarity in all registers
2. Below average: some clarity in middle register
3. Average: clarity varies over registers
4. Above Average: mostly clear in all registers
5. Superior: very clear in all registers

D. Pitch
1. Poor: accurate matching below 50 percent
2. Below average: accurate matching of at least 50 percent
3. Average: accurate matching of at least 75 percent
4. Above Average: accurate matching of at least 90 percent
5. Superior: accurate matching of at least 99 percent

E. Registers
1. Poor: use of lower adjustment only
2. Below average: strong lower with week upper adjustment
3. Average: use of both adjustments with register break between
4. Above Average: use of both adjustments with no break between
5. Superior: upper, middle, and lower adjustments equally balanced

F. Resonance
1. Poor: indistinguishable quality
2. Below average: some distinguishable quality
3. Average: distinguishable quality
4. Above Average: quality distinguished by fullness and depth
5. Superior: quality distinguished by fullness, depth, uniformity

G. Projection
1. Poor: very weak
2. Below average: weak
3. Average: some projection
4. Above Average: projects well but lacks ring
5. Superior: projects fully with characteristic ring


A. Flexibility of Articulators (tongue, lips, teeth, jaw)
1. Poor: very rigid muscle interference
2. Below average: much muscle interference
3. Average: some muscle interference
4. Above Average: relaxed production free of tension
5. Superior: agile production with distinct articulation

B. Position of Articulators
1. Poor: grooved tongue, tight jaw, small mouth opening
2. Below average: stiff tongue, tense jaw, small mouth opening
3. Average: relaxed tongue, tense jaw, medium mouth opening
4. Above Average: forward tongue, relaxed jaw, medium mouth oopening
5. Superior: forward tongue, relaxed jaw, wide mouth opening

C. Word Intelligibility
1. Poor: garbled
2. Below average: poor vowel formation, lazy consonants
3. Average: some vowel uniformity, slow consonants
4. Above Average: vowel uniformity, crisper consonants
5. Superior: vowel uniformity, exaggerated and rapid consonants


A. Phrasing
1. Poor: unable to sustain minimal phrases
2. Below average: sustains short phrases
3. Average: sustains medium phrases
4. Above Average: sustains long phrases
5. Superior: sustains extended phrases

B. Range
1. Poor: less than one octave
2. Below average: one octave
3. Average: one octave and a fifth
4. Above Average: two octaves
5. Superior: three octaves

C. Dynamic Variation
1. Poor: p-p-p; no < >
2. Below average: p-mp-p; minimal < >
3. Average: p-mp-p; average < >
4. Above Average: pp-f-pp; above average < >
5. Superior: pp-ff-pp; superior control < >

D. Agility and Tempo Variation
1. Poor: unable to sing short melismatic phrase at slow tempo
2. Below average: sings short melismatic phrase at slow tempo
3. Average: short melismatic phrase at medium tempo
4. Above Average: sings medium melismatic phrase at medium tempo
5. Superior: sings long melismatic phrase at fast tempo

E. Meaning and Mood
1. Poor: expressionless
2. Below average: minimal expression
3. Average: some textual contrast evident
4. Above Average: reflects general meaning and mood
5. Superior: reflects accurate meaning and mood

The Complete Vocal Technique Checklist

The COMPLETE Vocal Technique Checklist

This checklist is the most comprehensive and helpful tool you'll have to track your vocal progress.